Hearth Taxes


The Tywardreath Hearth Taxes 1660 - 1664 & Poll

The number of households listed in 1662 were 28, and in 1664 there were 39. The chargeable hearths in 1662 being 48.

1662 saw the introduction of the Hearth Tax on households which was worth more than £1 per year and who paid church and poor rates. Householders were required to pay two shillings per year, one shilling at Michelmas and one shilling at Ladyday. Those households which were exempt had to provide a certificate, (signed by the churchwardens and overseers of the poor and by the Justices of the Peace) to the tax collectors.

In 1642 the Protest returns records the number of males over the age of 18 as 210, and in 1676 the Compton Census (an ecclesiastical census named after Henry Compton, Bishop of London) records persons aged over 16 as 710. As a comparision the 1801 census records the number of families as 144 and persons as 727.

  • Walter Truebody - 2
  • John Venson - 1
  • David Venson - 1
  • Thomasine Tallock - 1
  • John Beere - 2
  • Mary Jeffrey - 1
  • Walter Beere - 1
  • John Clemes - 2
  • John Ledlam - 3
  • John Couch, jnr - 1
  • Richard Coode - 1
  • John Broad - 1
  • Robert Rayne - 2
  • John Penquite - 1
  • Richard Baker - 1
  • John Coule - 1
  • Nicholas Hickes - 3
  • Edward Pauley - 2
  • John Prideaux
  • William Bennett - 1
  • Nicholas Courtis - 1
  • William Baker, sen - 3
  • John Couch, sen - 1
  • John Kittoe - 1
  • John Baker, sen - 2
  • Walter Heale - 4
  • John Tom, jnr - 1
  • John Colliver - 1
  • Mr William Baker certifieth he hath in his house at Kilmarth, 6 fire hearths but the occupant payeth nothing to the church or poor or is worth £10 - 6

1664 - Hearths not mention in the former returns

  • John Cower, jnr - 1
  • James Harper - 1
  • Walter Broad - 1
  • John Sturkey - 1
  • John Champion - 1
  • Israell Pomoroy - 1
  • Stephen Bradgman - 1
  • Nicholas Davy - 1
  • Thomas Wills - 1
  • Humphry Sinke or the occuplant of Swires tenement - 1
  • Thomas Kendall or James Bealy the occupant - 1

Includes place names: Treveryan, Penhale, Trill, Trenerry (Allen), Penpoll (Kea)